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Trigeminal Neuralgia

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Trigeminal Neuralgia and Facial Pain Treatment in Thane

Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain condition caused by inflammation in the trigeminal nerves. It is also known by the name tic Dolorean. The intense pain of trigeminal neuralgia can occur as an isolated episode or periodically. In some people, there will be a gap of 2-3 years between the attacks but others experience repeated episodes of pain. It affects mostly women above 50 years.

Causes of trigeminal neuralgia

The exact cause of trigeminal neuralgia is yet to be figured out. Mostly, it occurs when pressure is exerted on the trigeminal nerve due to other underlying conditions.
Some of the possible reasons for trigeminal neuralgia are as follows.

  • As a result of the aging process.
  • Multiple sclerosis which is a chronic health condition that affects the nervous system.
  • Systemic diseases like sarcoidosis or Lyme disease.
  • An abnormality related to veins or arteries.
  • A tumor.
  • A fluid-filled sac or cyst.
  • Collagen vascular diseases.

Some of the triggering factors of trigeminal neuralgia pain are:

  • While you touch or wash your face.
  • Shaving.
  • Eating or drinking.
  • Smiling, laughing, or talking.
  • Brushing teeth.
  • Facial massage or while putting makeup.

Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia

The common symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia are:

  • Episodes of acute, sharp pain similar to an electric shock on one side of the face.
  • Spontaneous pain while eating, drinking, chewing, washing face etc…
  • Pain in the areas of trigeminal nerve like cheek, jaw, teeth, gums, forehead etc…
  • Intense pain that lasts for a few seconds to several minutes

Treatment of trigeminal neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia treatment often begins with medication. In severe cases, injections and surgery are done to cure the condition. If there is an underlying reason for the pain, the relevant treatment method is recommended to get relief from trigeminal neuralgia.

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